Lopud

In Dubrovnik's heyday, Lopud was the seat of one of the republic's vice-rectors and, with a population of some 4000 (today it's 400), was a favoured watering hole of the city's nobles. 
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The string of islands that crowd the sea between Dubrovnik and the Pelješac peninsula to the north are known as the Elaphites ("deer islands"), a name apparently first coined by Pliny the Elder in his 37-volume Historic Naturalis.
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